EndNote citation styles examples

Citation Style: Author-Year. Date: Tuesday, November 21, 2017. Discipline: Science. File Name: Harvard.ens. Publisher: N/A. URL: Based On: N/A. Bibliography Sort Order: Author-Year-Title. BibField1: Author. BibField2: Year. BibField3: Journal. Indent: EndNote allows you to format your paper with any output style (citation format) you need. This will give you the proper in-text citation for the output style as well as a properly formatted entry in your reference list/bibliography in whatever order the style calls for (alphabetical, in order of citation, etc). Sometimes you may need to make small (or large!) changes to an existing style or. Most citation styles as implemented in EndNote (as I understand) do not make use of the Pages field. The APA style is the only one I know of that does use the Pages field. If paging is needed in another citation style, you may have to provide the appropriate punctuation and paging in the Suffix field (for example, , pp. 23-24) What Is an Example of an Endnote? Endnotes can be used to cite all kinds of sources, including books, magazines, journals—even websites and blog posts! Here's an example of how to cite this post in a footnote, using the rules of the Chicago Manual of Style: 1. Kaelyn Barron, How to Use Endnotes: Tips, Examples, and How to Add Them in Word, TCK Publishing, last modified September 2, 2020, https://www.tckpublishing.com/how-to-use-endnotes

Harvard (Sample style showing basic format) EndNot

An output style (or bibliographic style) is a template that tells EndNote how to format the citations in a manuscript or bibliography. EndNote includes over 2,800 automatically-created output styles (APA, AMA, NLM, Vancouver, Chicago, etc.). This guide discusses using output styles to format bibliographies, editing existing styles and creating new ones. Styles can also be downloaded from http. Output style is the term EndNote uses to refer to the template file used to format the citations and bibliography correctly for your citation or referencing style.The output style controls what is in capitals, what is in bold or italics and determines the many other ways that references for journal articles, book chapters or other documents are formatted Which endnote citation style should I use to get similar output as in example 1? Author (s), title ofpaper, journal name abbreviated as in Index Medicus (written in full if no abbreviation quoted), year of publication, volume number, first and last pages

2202 N West Shore Blvd, Florida, USA. HOME; ABOUT US; SERVICES; OUR WORK; CONTACT US; DOWNLOAD PD Citation Styles (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) How to Format a Citation; Examples of APA, MLA, and Chicago Manual of Style; Citation Styles: American Psychological Association (APA) Citation Styles: Chicago; Citation Styles: Modern Language Association (MLA) Example: Direct Quote Cited in a Book; Example: Reference within a Journal Article; Plagiarism; EndNote MLA style does, however, allow you to use endnotes or footnotes for bibliographic notes, which refer to other publications your readers may consult. The following are some examples: 1. See Blackmur, especially chapters 3 and 4, for an insightful analysis of this trend It is best to consult with your professor to determine the preferred citation style. Indicate notes in the text of your paper by using consecutive superscript numbers (as demonstrated below). The actual note is indented and can occur either as a footnote at the bottom of the page or as an endnote at the end of the paper. To create notes, type the note number followed by a period on the same line as the note itself. This method should always be used for endnotes; it is the preferred method.

Sample Endnotes in MLA Style. If you indent your paragraphs, the entire essay is typed double-spaced. Title of essay centered, 1 (2.5 cm) margin on all four sides, page number at upper right hand corner ½ (1.25 cm) down from the top. If your instructor prefers that you do not indent your paragraphs, you must still double-space your lines. In APA 7, up to 20 authors may be listed in the reference list. More than 20 requires that the first six author be listed, followed by three ellipsis points (periods), then the last author (see p. 317 of the APA 7th Manual, example citation 4). The APA 7th style in EndNote has developed an upgrade to handle this. EndNote X9 will download and install with the updated version. Users of older versions of EndNote can download the updated version fro Citation Styles. The Department of Chemistry uses the ACS (American Chemical Society) citation style . ACS referencing with EndNote ; Biochemistry lecturers may require use of. APA style ; Council of Science Editors (CSE) Style - widely used by the UC School of Biological Science APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page The most popular citation style with numbers in brackets is Vancouver style. This style consists of in-text citations indicated with either superscript or bracketed numbers. The only difference from Vancouver and other styles mentioned above, is that it uses round brackets instead of square brackets

  1. For example, a journal publisher may have asked for Vancouver style, but with the citations in superscript. In this case you may choose to create your own version of Vancouver style and amend the citations so that they all appear in superscript. To edit a style: In EndNote, go to the Edit menu. Go to Output Styles and select Open Style Manager. Locate the style you wish to edit and click to.
  2. If your style requires you to cite a specific page number, select Edit Citation from the EndNote toolbar. Select the relevant cited reference and add the page number. Click the OK button. NOTE: EndNote can format citations in the new APA 6th edition style. Please see this page for a few exceptions and problems
  3. This style offers three types of citation systems: citation-sequence, name-year, and citation-name. • Name-Year : In-text citation of the author's last name and the year of publication in brackets, and a bibliography at the end listing all references in full

Citing, Bibliographies, and Styles - EndNote - Research

How to Use Endnotes: Tips, Examples, and How to Add Them

} Sample Endnotes in MLA Style. Endnote numbers must be superscripted. In EndNote, go to the Edit menu. An output style (or bibliographic style) is a template that tells EndNote how to format the citations in a manuscript or bibliography. .js-wpv-view-layout { border-top-right-radius: 5px; If you do not see the style you need, check the EndNote. EndNote supports output styles for in-text citations, numbered in-text citations, and footnotes. Approx 500 common styles come pre-loaded with EndNote, listed under Select Another Style. Choose a Style Change Styles in Word . Go to the EndNote Toolbar in Word to change styles and update citations/bibliography in your Word documen Introduction. The first Chicago style consists of one note style, either foot- or end-notes, and a bibliography.. Make sure to also take a look at the rules for Shortened Citations and Ibid as they will help you decrease the amount of time spent writing footnote/endnote citations.. Basic Structure. In Chicago style, footnotes or endnotes are used to reference pieces of work in the text endnote citation style examples. Post author By ; Post date July 27, 2021.

EndNote Output Styles - EndNote Library Management

Save these files to the Styles folder in EndNote, usually c:\Program Files\EndNote\Styles . When used within a Word document, you must select the font and size in the Format Bibliography dialog box, under the Layout tab. (Note: Word 2007 has slightly different names for the dialog box and tabs.) EndNote X2 output style NIH.ens now displays the PMCID using the Custom 2 field. The citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs. EndNote: Download the output style file: Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and others: The style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs. BibTe Examples of endnotes in a research paper chicago style Docx Created Date: 10/21/2014 9:30:03 PM.It is a documentation style for writing and formatting research papers, including citing sources.The Chicago Manual of Style, 16 th ed.) In addition to notes, Chicago/Turabian requires the inclusion of a bibliography,.In notes and bibliography style. The Chicago style, also called the Turabian style, of citation is an extremely flexible citation style. It unites the two main referencing styles (footnotes and author-year system) in one manual style of citation.This entails using footnotes or endnotes to reference pieces of work in the research paper or essay


The University Library EndNote Guide includes information on downloading references from UWA databases, reference styles and links to valuable information sources.. The EndNote style which best supports the Vancouver Style (based on Citing Medicine) is the EndNote style titled Citing Medicine 2 (UWA).When using EndNote you will still need to have an understanding of the essential elements to. Chicago Manual of Style offers the option to use footnotes, endnotes or parenthetical in-text citations featuring an author / date format. Footnotes or endnotes allow for citation information to be easily accessible at the bottom of each page (footnotes) or at the end of the paper (endnotes). Notes also allow for supplemental explanatory text to be included in the paper at the place it is most. Search for jobs related to Endnote citation style examples or hire on the world's largest freelancing marketplace with 19m+ jobs. It's free to sign up and bid on jobs Ibid is only used in Chicago style which uses superscript numbers and footnote/endnote citations and not in APA or MLA style. 2 How to cite an author more than once? 1.APA format. Three different situations might arise while citing the same author. You refer to the same article multiple times during your writing, in which case you can use the same in-text citation every time you refer to the.

Choose from thousands of citation styles, such as APA, Chicago, or MLA; Easily reformat your references to a different citation style; Collaborate with others. Use EndNote Online to share selected groups of references with others; Share your whole EndNote library; EndNote is available for Mac and Windows, as well as an Online versio Turabian Style: Footnotes/Endnotes & Bibliography. The Turabian citation style offers two different documentation systems. Writers in the humanities generally utilize a system that combines notes and a bibliography: (N) Footnotes or Endnotes. The first line should be indented five spaces, with following lines in the entry flush with

What is an AMA Style Citation? AMA style is most commonly used by the journals and publications of the medical organizations. Besides AMA, NLM and AAA styles are also specifically developed to guide the publishers and editors of medical journals. The citation follows the numerical system in which a superscripted number is added with the direct quote or the paraphrased content in the paper How to Cite Endnotes. Proper citation of sources is an important part of writing a research paper or other non-fiction document. Endnotes are commonly used in the formatting style endorsed by the Chicago Manual of Style, frequently referred to as CMS. You can cite primary and secondary sources in endnotes, and you can.

These styles for Endnote, LaTeX, Refworks and Zotero are designed to help legal scholars format cases, legislation, articles and books in compliance with OSCOLA.For a comparison, see S Meredith, 'Critical Review of Referencing Software when used with OSCOLA' (2013) 4 (1) EJLT. Oxford University members will find key information­ on how to get personal accounts with Refworks and EndNote (as. In-Text Citation for Two or Three Authors: (Kelly, Colter, and Lane 1980) In-Text Citation for More than Three Authors: (Angel et al. 1986) APSA Style Paper Example. Below, we have added a sample of an APSA style paper that will help you understand it further. APSA Style Pape Both footnote/endnote citations and author-date citations require a bibliography or cited reference section. The way a bibliographic entry is structured will be the same regardless of which in-text citation style you use, with one exception: if you used author-date as your in-text citation style, you will place the publication date immediately after the author section, as opposed to at/near. Søg efter jobs der relaterer sig til Endnote citation style examples, eller ansæt på verdens største freelance-markedsplads med 20m+ jobs. Det er gratis at tilmelde sig og byde på jobs

Choosing an output style - EndNote Guide - Subject Guides

For example: Smith (2016) found that quotation goes here (p. 215) EndNote is a citation manager that allows you to: Create and save citation lists. Receive articles directly exported from databases. Enter citation information manually. Upload a citation list. Format citations to common styles, including specific journal formats. Share lists with researchers at WT or at other institutions. An endnote is source citation that refers the readers to a specific place at the end of the paper where they can find out the source of the information or words quoted or mentioned in the paper. When using endnotes, your quoted or paraphrased sentence or summarized material is followed by a superscript number. Example Citation Examples . There are hundreds of citation styles. Your instructor, department, college, or editor may recommend that you use a particular style—or they may ask that you simply be consistent. Four of the most commonly-used citation styles in academic writing are: MLA (Modern Language Association) Style; APA (American Psychological Association) Style; Chicago Manual / Turabian Style.

Quick guide and examples. The attached quick guides created by other institutions provide an overview of the JAMA referencing style. In these documents you will find examples for different types of materials and details on specific variations of citations. AMA Style: Citing Your Sources - Norris Medical Library, University of Southern California How to format a document in Chicago Style (17th.) and add citations with Word's citation machine: footnotes and endnotes. Chicago Style format 17th edition h.. Using In-text Citation. Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005) Endnote Citation Chicago Style Example Essay Home / Theory Practice Gap Essay Outline / Endnote Citation Chicago Style Example Essay. 20 septiembre, 2020. Chicago Style Example Essay Citation Endnote.

Endnote citation style - EndNote Communit

About Citation Management Tools. Reference management software allows you store, organize, and format citations in all the styles described on this guide and many more. Many include features such as allowing users to tag or annotate citations, attach full-text PDFs to citations, create collaborative bibliographies, and create in-text citations Depending on the citation style, the footnote/endnote entry provides more specific location information than the entry in the bibliography. For instance, when citing a whole book in Chicago Manual of Style, the page number of the cited information is contained in the footnote, whereas this localized information is omitted from that source's entry in the bibliography. Footnote Entry Example. This video is about Citation Basics - MLA Style As in the above example, citation markers are normally placed after adjacent punctuation such as periods (full stops) and commas. For exceptions, see the WP:Manual of Style § Punctuation and footnotes. Note also that no space is added before the citation marker. Citations should not be placed within, or on the same line as, section headings. The citation should be added close to the material.

endnote citation style examples - neotech

Hello, I would like to know how to cite multiple endnotes in a closed series of endnotes. It is something that is used for AMA style referencing. For example: 'As reported previously,1,3-8,19'. (endnotes are superscr Zotero Style Repository. Here you can find Citation Style Language 1.0.1 citation styles for use with Zotero and other CSL 1.0.1-compatible software. For more information on using CSL styles with Zotero, see the Zotero wiki OSCOLA is a footnote style: all citations appear in footnotes. OSCOLA does not use endnotes or in-text citations. When citing any source, either directly (as a quotation) or indirectly (by paraphrasing or referring to ideas in a source), cite the reference in a footnote, in the style indicated in OSCOLA . Indicate footnotes with a superscript number which should appear after any relevant.

For further clarification on the Chicago in-text citation style of footnotes and endnotes, consult the Chicago Manual of Style's website. This site is full of helpful pages, so if you're tempted to head to Google to type in, in-text citations Chicago, take a peek at the official site first. Creating Your Citations in Chicago Style. As mentioned, when you're following The Chicago Manual. For example: (A guide to citation, 2017). If this is the title of an article, chapter or web page, it should be in quotation marks. For example: (APA Citation, 2017). Citing Authors With Multiple Works From One Year: Works should be cited with a, b, c etc following the date. These letters are assigned within the reference list, which is sorted alphabetically by the surname of the first.

EXAMPLES OF CHICAGO STYLE BOOK (WHETHER A MONOGRAPH OR TEXTBOOK) First Citation: Otherwise, use the short version of the citation. See the sample endnote section at end of this handout for further clarification. JOURNAL First Citation: Name of Article's Author, Title of Article, Name of Journal Volume Number of Journal (Year of Journal's Issue): page number. Example: Gerard. EndNote comes with many output style files for formatting citations in a specific bibliographic style which are downloaded in bulk when installing EndNote (see Instructions for downloading EndNote). The accompanying tabs link to some amended styles used at Monash. To download and use these styles: Download the style file you wish to use; Double click on the file to open it in EndNote; From the. Begin your Endnotes page by centering the title Endnotes or Notes 1 (2.5 cm) or about 6 lines from the top of the page. Double-space your entries, indent each Endnote citation 1/2 (1.25 cm) or 5 spaces from the left margin, do not indent subsequent lines, add a superscripted Endnote citation number at the beginning of each citation, leave one space after the superscripted number, and list. An endnote citation's construction is different from that of a citation in the bibliography. Make sure to separate the citation's components with commas. Spell the author's first name and last name in full, leaving the middle name as initial; in case of 4 or more authors, name the first one followed by a comma and then the words et al. They indicate there are more authors to have worked on.

EndNote for APA - EndNote Library Management - LibGuides

Note: While not typical, certain output styles (such as MLA) are configured to use the special Cited Pages field as part of the citation template, enabling you to enter citation page numbers into the Pages field. Consult the Bibliographic Styles section of your EndNote Manual for details EndNote is a software program that works with Microsoft Word to automatically format in-text citations and end-of-paper reference lists with your chosen style (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.). The Basic edition is a limited, online-based version that is free to use. EndNote Support EndNote Training; EndNote Support; The Basics Getting Started; Adding Items; Adding Items - Google Scholar; Creating. Get my export filter style (Label version) or export filter style (Custom1 version) and save in the Styles directory of EndNote. Then select that file using the style manager in: Edit -> Output Styles. Make sure this style is selected in the main view window. Go to: File -> Export. Save the file as a text (*.txt) file. Move this file to your.

Citationsy Styles and Style Guides This is the complete list of all citation styles supported by Citationsy. Click any of the styles to see more information. Citationsy uses industry-standard citation styles from the excellent CitationStyles.org project. Find out more about CSL here How to Write Footnotes and Endnotes in MLA Style Further information on copyright and plagiarism. This Chapter deals only with simple and common examples on how to write Footnote and Endnote citations. Prior to learning how to write proper Footnote and Endnote citations, it is essential to first develop a stronger understanding of the MLA format APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 7th edition of the APA Manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page Formatting a Bibliography with the Citation Command. In your Word Document, select the EndNote ribbon. Click on the small arrow at the bottom of the Bibliography section to open up the Configure Bibliography command pop-up window. Use the Format Bibliography tab in the window to change the citation style for the entire paper

EndNote and Word - EndNote for PC - LibGuides at

IEEE citation style is used primarily for electronics, engineering, telecommunications, examples with care. Please note this style guide is wide ranging, but not all sources are identified. Further research may be required. Citation Within The Text The first step of the reference citation process is within the report itself. Each citation must be noted within the text through use of simple. IEEE citation style includes in-text citations, numbered in square brackets, which refer to the full citation listed in the reference list at the end of the paper. The reference list is organized numerically, not alphabetically. For examples, see the IEEE Editorial Style Manual. The Basics: In-text Citing It is not necessary to mention an author's name, pages used, or date of publication in. For more examples and variations of notations and bibliographic citations, please refer to the Chicago Manual of Style Quick Guide. The above examples have been taken from the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition, section 14.18 Endnotes force readers to flip to the back to check every citation. On the other hand, choose endnotes when your footnotes are so long or numerous that they take up too much space on the page, making your report unattractive and difficult to read. Also, endnotes better accommodate tables, quoted poetry, and other matter that requires special typography. (Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers.

If you are planning to rearrange your footnotes or endnotes later on, it's a good idea to use the shortened citation form rather than Ibid. Shortened Citation Form . Use the shortened citation form to a repeat citation that is after, but not contiguous to, the current one. This form is preferable to Ibid. for citations that you intend to. APA Style Reference Examples. APA: Frequently Asked Questions about APA Style. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th Edition (Print Only). The print guide to APA is the official guide to citing in APA style, but the online guidance should cover most citation questions The Chicago citation style is used widely for academic writing in the humanities, social sciences and natural sciences. There are two formats of referencing within the Chicago style. One is notes- bibliography and the other author -date. This guide shows examples for the notes -bibliography format only, which uses a numerical system of footnotes or endnotes with a Bibliography. The author-date. Citation Style Comparison Table MLA APA Chicago: Author-Date Chicago: Notes and Bibliography Disciplines common in English, humanities Psychology, nursing, education, social sciences Sciences History, fine arts, humanities Privileges Author: Who wrote texts matters most, so an author's full name is included in works cited entries and the first time the author is mentioned in text Date: When. Consult our Citing Sources guide for examples of how to format citations in different styles such as the MLA, APA, Chicago, RefWorks' Write-n-Cite software allows you to add and format citations in Word documents in a wide variety of citation styles. It is the officially supported citation and research manager software at the University of Notre Dame. Documents created in the Legacy.

Therefore, American Antiquity citation style guidelines do not recommend using endnotes, footnotes, or numbered citations. The essential information should be included directly in the text, so the readers can focus on it without losing their attention. Thus, parenthetical citations are widely-used in American Antiquity. 3 hours! We'll deliver a 100% original paper this fast. Learn More. Some examples are taken from The ACS style guide: effective communication of scientific information. Click here for more information. Examples from different sources Journal article. The minimum required information for a journal is author, abbreviated journal title, year, publication, volume number, and initial page of cited article, though complete pagination is possible. Article titles are. Other Citation Styles; Direct / Persistent Linking to Electronic Resources; Quoting and Paraphrasing ; Managing References Toggle Dropdown. EndNote and EndNote basic Mendeley Zotero BibTex and LaTex Comparing Citation Managers Introduction When you write a paper for a university class, you will be expected to express the results of your research in your own words. Copying an entire paper, or.

Citation Styles (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc

Citation Styles: AMA (American Medical Association) This guide will link you to citing styles for many disciplines. Home; APA; MLA; Chicago/Turabian; AMA (American Medical Association) Harvard Citation Style; Discipline-Specific Citation Styles; Citation Help; More Resources on AMA Style AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors. This is an e-book. This book is also in the LHL. Citation styles like APA and MLA format information differently, so select the tab for the style you need and take a look at some examples. You will also find overviews of citation management tools, including Zotero and EndNote Web It also uses a superscript number without brackets for in-text citations. Open the PDF below for an example of this style. Vancouver KEMH EndNote Reference Examples How to Download Vancouver KEMH Style into EndNote . Vancouver KEMH EndNote Style Open EndNote; Click on link above > Open; In EndNote go to File > Save As > remove 'copy' from name > Save; MAC users - Click on the style and.

MLA Endnotes and Footnotes // Purdue Writing La

EndNote is used by millions of researchers, scholarly writers, students, and librarians to search online bibliographic databases, organise references and related files, and to create bibliographies instantly. The software has to be installed on your computer properly in order to work correctly with word processing programs, and this varies depending on your operating system, word processor and. AIP referencing is a numbered style with references numbered in the order of appearance in the article and listed in that order at the end of the article. AIP style manual endorses the use of superscript to indicate citations within text, with numbers running sequentially throughout the article i.e. ¹,², ³ Mendeley citation styles, quick citation clipping on catalog pages are powered by CSL and citeproc-js. Styles are fetched from the CSL citation styles repository. Was this answer helpful? Yes No . Thank you for your feedback, it will help us serve you better. If you require assistance, please scroll down and use one of the contact options to get in touch. Thanks for letting us know Thanks for. Use one citation style form consistently throughout a paper or thesis. For example, you mention a book and some printed journal and e-journal articles as follows. All in-text citations and bibliographies are in Chicago Style. In-text citation (Author, Year of Publication, and Page Number in parenthesis) Bibliographies (listing alphabetically by the last name of author) Book Journal Article E. Citation Styles. Home; Quick Links; This page has been superceded by Referencing / Citation styles. Please update any bookmarks. Commonly used citation styles: ACS; APA; Chicago A; Chicago B; Harvard; Legal Citation; MLA; Vancouver (for Health Sciences) LibChat. Need help? Talk to one of our friendly Library staff. AskOtago Pātai ki Otāgo; 0800 80 80 98 +64 3 479 7000; university@otago.ac.nz.

A Turabian Paper Style Guide

Turabian Footnote/Endnote Style Georgetown University

As for endnotes, they are on a separate page at the end of the paper, titled Notes. Each endnote is indented, numbered, and followed by a period, a space, and the citation information. Endnotes are listed in the order in which they occur. That is, they are not listed alphabetically. If the choice is left up to you, weigh the advantages of each. A citation is an acknowledgement in your text of references that support your work. It is in the form of a number that correlates with a source in your reference list. In the Vancouver Style, citations within the text of the essay/paper are identified by Arabic numbers in round brackets or Arabic numbers in superscript with no brackets

What is apa citation style exampleIn Text Citation More Than One Author - Images | блогMLA Footnote FormatReferencing - Medicine - Library guides at Monash UniversityHD限定 Et Al Apa Citation Example - 私たちはソガトです

About Chicago 17th ed.: Author-Date. The Chicago Manual of Style Author-Date system is used by scholars in the social sciences and sciences. For arts, history, and humanities, see the Notes/Bibliography system. Citing sources in this style consists of two parts: The in-text citation points the reader to the full information about the source. EndNote Online. This class covers logging on to EndNote basic/online, adding references to the library, creating groups, syncing references between desktop and online, sharing references, finding duplicates, Cite While You Write, searching the online library, and using Manuscript Matcher Citation Styles. This guide contains information on commonly used citation styles. Different academic disciplines follow different formats for presenting citations, so check with your instructor to make sure you are using the appropriate citation style. Click on the pages to the left to learn about the different styles of citation Within the text in AMA Citation Style, references are numbered and the numbers are shown in superscript. Reference numbers should appear: After the fact, quotation, or idea being cited; Outside periods and commas; Inside colons and semi-colons ; If citing more than one reference at the same point, separate the numbers with commas and no spaces between. Examples: This drug is used to treat.